The bulkiness is defined as the volume occupied by a given weight of paper. This is an important property, as it is closely correlated with absorbency and softness, and is mainly determined by two factors: the production technologies and the quality of the fibers used.
To obtain a high bulkiness in the production phase it is possible to use advanced technologies such as, for example, the Through-Air Drying process (or TAD), in which the wet pressing phase is reduced to minimum in favor of the drying operations that take place in the dryer section of the paper machine. In addition to production technology, other factors determining bulkiness are the use of lower pressure in the press nips, less intensive refining of the fibers and the creping of the paper.
As regards the type of fibers to be used, to obtain a high bulk it is recommended to prefer high-yield cellulose pulps, rigid and less subject to collapse thanks to the higher lignin content and lower porosity.
The Tissue paper sheet, in its life cycle, is subjected to significant stresses during production operations, in the converting phase and, finally, during use by the consumer. Hence the need to obtain a sheet with an adequate level of strength, given by the combination of three factors:
- strength and arrangement of fibers in the sheet;
- level of molecular bond between the fibers themselves;
- presence of strength additives.
Specifically, the first two factors depend on the process variables and the type of raw material used, while the use of additives is a widespread practice to add further strength to the fibers.
Some Tissue products, such as kitchen paper, must be resistant even when wet, and this characteristic depends on the level of molecular bond between the fibers they are made of. In order to maintain the wet strength of these products as much as possible, additives can be used to supplement or replace the hydrogen bond of the fibers. In this way, it is possible to ensure that the Tissue paper maintains up to 50% of its dry strength when wet
Softness, while still being a subjective measure based on individual perceptions, is a very important requirement and sought after by consumers, especially as regards products dedicated to the hygienic-sanitary or personal care markets. Furthermore, the perception of softness does not depend only on touch, but also on sound and visual perceptions such as color (the degree of whiteness) and noise at the moment of tearing.
Softness is usually divided into surface softness, related to the velvet-like feeling to the touch, and bulk softness, which is an indication of the ease with which the paper yields when crumbled.
How to maintain the 5 properties of Tissue at the end-of-line thanks to A.Celli solutions
These five qualities, obtained during the production process of the paper sheet, must also be preserved in the subsequent phases, from the winding of the Jumbo rolls up to the shipment of the final reels to the converter. This is why A.Celli offers its customers a wide choice of winders, unwinders and rewinders of the E-WIND® range able to adapt to any production requirement in terms of speed, width and weight, with specific focus on bulky Tissue paper characterized by high crepe ratios.
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